Varicose veins are a disease indicating poor tone of the venous wall, inoperative valves, impaired blood flow to the heart, congestion in remote areas and places with mechanical obstacles. Treatment of varicose veins is a complex, complex process that includes therapeutic effects and surgical methods. Phlebology surgeons are specialists in the choice of treatment methods if varicose veins develop on the legs.
Expansion of veins is also possible in other areas with long-term chronic diseases:
- varicose veins of the esophagus against the background of cirrhosis of the liver;
- varicocele (damage to the veins of the testis) in men;
- hemorrhoids of prolapsed venous vessels;
- varicose veins of the vagina during pregnancy.
These are the most common examples of injuries treated by physicians in various specialties.
Serious complications (thrombosis, thrombophlebitis), the development of internal bleeding are life threatening. They depend on how to cure varicose veins and prevent its consequences.
What is required of the patient
Like any disease, varicose veins will require a diet of restrictions, getting rid of bad habits, a certain diet. Varicose veins cannot be cured with medication alone. The doctor always familiarizes the patient with these possibilities which depend only on himself.
The patient is contraindicated:
- drink alcoholic beverages, including beer;
- visit to the hammam;
- slimming underwear (corsets, belts);
- shoes with tight high heels;
- long stationary positions while driving or at a desk in the office;
- the habit of crossing the legs.
An active motor mode is recommended. Tightening the muscles of the legs helps the relaxed veins to push blood. It's a good idea to come home from work every day.
In the morning exercises you should include exercises from the complex of therapeutic exercises for varicose veins. It is about lifting the legs stretched out on the ground, "cycling", working in the ankle joints with the stretching of the socks and heels. Some movements can be performed while sitting in a chair for short breaks. Swimming is considered a very useful sport.
How to eat with varicose veins
One of the risk factors is excess weight, therefore, the diet requires fasting days, limits fatty and high-calorie foods, dishes with salt, hot seasonings.
It is necessary to abandon fatty meat dishes, butter, mayonnaise, cheese, confectionery, carbonated drinks.
To improve the tone of the veins, vitamins and minerals in vegetables and fruits, kefir, low-fat cottage cheese, cereals, vegetable oils, green tea are useful. Onions and garlic will replace the condiments.
How to choose a treatment method
Methods of treating varicose veins depend on the severity of the patient's condition. At the initial stage of the disease, when pain and swelling begin to appear in the evening, and vascular networks are visible on the legs in some places, a combination of diet measures, rational nutrition with wearing socks or stockingscompression is enough. They are sold in pharmacies. You need to buy them according to your size.
An easier way - shin bandage is applicable at home, but it does not look aesthetic on the street or at work. An elastic bandage is applied in the supine position of the toes with a slight stretch of the tissue to the middle of the thigh. The vessels should not be strongly squeezed.
Optimists hope that varicose veins will be treated with gels and ointments. Advertising diligently convinces us of this. However, the opinion of medical specialists is much more pessimistic. The proposed ointments slightly reduce pain and have a cooling effect. But their effect is greatly exaggerated. Medicines have a temporary effect, relieve fatigue, but do not solve the general problems of the disease. They are suitable in the country after physical labor, on a tourist trip, when you have to walk a lot.
Local remedies are more effective. They are able to increase venous tone, relieve puffiness and restore the vascular wall. The choice of drugs in pharmacies is very wide. Some are available as pills and ointments. Only a doctor can choose the right treatment and adjust the dose.
People with chronic gastritis and peptic ulcer disease should be treated with caution. Some drugs have contraindications. Also, do not choose your own treatment for pregnant women. Medication use recommended for at least three months, followed by frequent repetitions.
A more drastic method of treatment, considered effective in 95% of cases, is considered "minor surgery".
Over the past decade, non-surgical techniques for treating veins have become widespread. The best modern methods of treating varicose veins are applied with little or no skin incision (or a very small incision is made that does not leave a scar). All sterile conditions are observed, as in the operating room. The patient does not need to be in the hospital. In a few hours he is going home. The periods of incapacity for work are reduced to two to three days. The method is associated with the availability of certain equipment in a medical clinic.
Laser ablation technique
Laser ablation is performed under local anesthesia. A catheter with a light guide is inserted into the affected area of the vein, then the beam is activated and the laser gradually burns the inner surface of the choroid.
The procedure takes about two hours. It is used for varicose veins of any diameter. A few days later, the ship hardens (overgrown).
The method does not require special equipment. Sclerotherapy involves injecting a chemical into a vein with a needle that can cause the walls to collapse, followed by excessive proliferation of the lumen. Foam products are used which do not pose a danger to the body.
After the procedure, the patient is recommended to walk for about an hour so that the drug is well distributed along the vein. He's supposed to use compression stockings or golfs for about two more months. Such treatment is indicated when the diameter of the affected vessel is not more than one cm.
Under local anesthesia through a small incision in the skin, the diseased vein is hooked, the ends are tied, the vessel is removed. The method is suitable for veins of any diameter. The bleeding persists for several days. It is recommended to use compression socks for ten days.
Radiofrequency ablation technique
A catheter is inserted into the varicose vein under local anesthesia with a special microwave device. The method is based on the ability of certain radio frequencies to "seal" the ship. At the same time, there is no internal burn, such as when using a laser. The procedure takes half an hour. It is considered the least traumatic. Seven days later, he was allowed not only to work, but also to play sports.
When surgery is indicated
Methods of surgical treatment of varicose veins are presented in 5% of cases, when the venous disease causes extensive damage, there is a threat of blood clots. The patient is admitted to a specialized surgical or vascular department. A comprehensive examination of the functions of the heart and lungs is performed. Blood coagulation is analyzed.
General anesthesia is used. With venous nodes in the leg, incisions are most often made in the groin area and below the knee. The ends of the veins are tied off. The affected area is removed and removed.
In the postoperative period, rest, drugs that reduce blood clotting are prescribed. This is necessary to avoid thrombosis. Until the sutures are removed (7-10 days), the patient is in the hospital.
Even with severe varicose veins, the operation is considered contraindicated for:
- the old age of the patient;
- simultaneous atherosclerosis of the lower extremities;
- severe diabetes mellitus;
- concomitant oncological pathology.
Treatment with folk remedies is popular with patients. You don't have to expect complete recovery. All recommendations help to influence metabolism, relieve stress on the legs and prevent stagnation. Bathing and rubbing agents should be selected individually due to the possibility of allergic complications. With the phenomena of thrombophlebitis and trophic ulcers, they are categorically contraindicated.
For the baths, they offer chamomile, St. John's wort, twine, oak bark, chestnut bark and willow bark.
As a solution for compresses and lotions, use a decoction of nettle, apple cider vinegar, cabbage leaf, potato juice, mashed wormwood. It is recommended to change the compresses every 4 hours.
Lovers of beekeeping products are treated and offer others different compositions of honey with lemon, garlic. Bee stings are used to inject hirudin into the venous trunk.
All traditional methods should be agreed with the doctor, they require caution. They can worsen the condition of other organs.
Significant progress has been made in the treatment of varicose veins. Under the guidance of a specialist, complications can be avoided.