Treating varicose veins is a long process that requires a responsible approach from both doctor and patient. With the help of a properly chosen treatment regimen, it is possible to stabilize the patient's condition, prevent the progression of pathology and improve well-being.
Treating varicose veins is a long process that requires a responsible approach from both doctor and patient.
Varicose veins are treated in several ways. The main ones are:
- Conservative.It is used in the early stages of the disease, when there are no complications in the form of trophic ulcers and other damage to the integrity of the skin. With the help of drugs (tablets, injections, ointments and other dosage forms), it is possible to stabilize the well-being of the patient and prevent the development of stagnation in the blood vessels of the lower extremities.
- Surgical.This involves the removal of the affected veins or the introduction of a special substance into their lumen, which causes the vessel to stick together.
Using the following drugs will help remove varicose veins in the legs:
- Phlebotonic. They increase the tone of blood vessels, strengthen the walls.
- Anti coagulants. Prevents platelet aggregation.
- Decongestants. Eliminates congestion, eliminates edema of the lower extremities.
- Disaggregants. They effectively thin the blood.
- AntioxidantsImproves blood circulation, activates recovery processes.
- Fibrinolytics. Destroy blood clots.
- Preparations to activate microcirculation and prevent trophic changes.
Eliminate varicose veins on the legs will help to use phlebotonics, anticoagulants, antiplatelet agents, antioxidants, fibrinolytics.
Creams and ointments
Conservative methods of treatment include the use of special creams and ointments. They will help to completely cure asterisks on the legs, prevent the formation of blood clots in the blood vessels. Treatment involves the use of ointments based on heparin and veinoactive components.
The funds have a resorbing effect, prevent the development of stagnation, reduce pain and strengthen the walls of blood vessels.
To relieve pain, you should use ointments based on NSAIDs. They help reduce inflammation.
Effective treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities is impossible without the use of systemic drugs in the form of tablets. For this, phlebotonic is used. Means strengthen the walls of blood vessels, increase their tone and elasticity. Prevents edema and blood stasis, relieves pain and cramps. Anticoagulant agents will help get rid of the discomfort. The use of NSAIDs is seen in the form of tablets to relieve the well-being of the patient.
Preparations intended for intramuscular administration will help to quickly remove the dilated veins of the legs and relieve the well-being of the patient. For this, phlebotonics, antiplatelet agents, decongestants and other agents are used.
The doctor develops the treatment regimen individually for each patient, taking into account the clinical manifestations, complications present and other factors.
Treatment without surgery
It is impossible to completely remove varicose veins using conservative methods. Physiotherapeutic methods, active use of compression stockings, exercise therapy, hirudotherapy and other methods will help to improve the effectiveness of the use of drugs.
The saliva of leeches contains hirudin. This component has powerful anticoagulant properties. By entering the bloodstream, it prevents the formation of blood clots and promotes the resorption of existing clots. It activates blood circulation, prevents stagnation of blood in the lower extremities.
With the help of hirudotherapy, you can permanently remove spider veins and varicose veins from the legs, especially at the initial stage of development.
To improve the condition of a patient with varicose veins of the lower extremities, physiotherapeutic methods are widely used as a complementary treatment. With their help, you can stabilize the pathological process and stop its further development. Strengthen the walls of blood vessels, make them elastic, activate blood and lymphatic drainage.
Laser treatment is the most effective and popular treatment for varicose veins.
With varicose veins, the following physiotherapeutic treatment methods are used:
- laser therapy;
- balneotherapy and others.
The method of treatment consists of using a special jersey or elastic bandage, which helps to combat varicose veins by compressing the veins located superficially. The patient puts the bikini line on supine (in the morning), when the blood vessels are in a relaxed state. Along with physical activity, this will keep them from over-filling.
Depending on the degree of pressure, compression hosiery is divided into 4 classes. Therefore, it is used not only in the early stages of the disease, but also when skin ulcers appear.
Exercise is indicated to activate blood circulation and eliminate venous congestion. They should be carried out not only when signs of the development of the disease appear, but also as a preventive measure.
Before starting classes, it is imperative to consult with a specialist in exercise therapy, since some exercises and sports are strictly prohibited for varicose veins.
The patient has to move a lot, but at the same time he can not run, as this negatively affects the condition of the blood vessels.
Modern methods of surgical treatment will help remove varicose veins from the lower extremities. In this case, partial or complete removal of the subcutaneous blood vessels is performed, which contributes to the removal of abnormal blood flow from the superficial veins to the deeper veins. The operation is carried out in several ways. This can be phlebectomy, laser coagulation, or sclerotherapy. The choice of method is based on the severity of the venous damage and the condition of the patient.
Sclerotherapy treatment is carried out by injecting a special substance (sclerosant) into a pathologically dilated vein. It causes the appearance of aseptic inflammation, which leads to the adhesion of the walls of the vessels. After the procedure, a tight bandage should be applied to the limb. The duration of its use is determined by the specialist who carried out the treatment. This is influenced by the degree of spread of the pathology and the number of injections performed. As a result of this treatment, blood flow is stopped and the sealed vein is converted into scar tissue.
Laser coagulation is a minimally invasive treatment of pathologically dilated veins of the lower extremities, in which a special laser light guide is inserted into the lumen of the damaged vessel. Under its influence, the endothelium of the vein is exposed to high temperatures, which allows it to stick together. This leads to the stopping of blood flow in the vessel with its subsequent resorption.
Laser treatment only affects the inner wall of the vessel, without affecting the surrounding tissue. Under the influence of the laser, the varicose mesh is removed and trophic disorders are eliminated.
Laser coagulation helps remove varicose veins. In this case, under the influence of a laser, the varicose mesh is removed and trophic disorders are eliminated.
Phlebectomy is the surgical removal of varicose veins. This treatment is carried out only after a thorough examination of the patient (Doppler ultrasound), in order to determine the localization of pathologically altered areas, the state of the valves of the superficial and deep veins, the presence of additional trunks and tributaries.
Surgical treatment of the disease with phlebectomy can restore normal blood flow and eliminate reflux (reflux). This is possible thanks to the removal of the large and small saphenous veins.
Varicose veins are treated not only with drugs, but also with the help of unconventional methods. However, as an independent treatment, folk remedies are indicated only in the early stages of the disease. In severe pathology, they can be used only in combination with traditional conservative and surgical medicine.
In the treatment of the disease, it is advisable to use compresses, the use of herbal infusions and decoctions that have a healing effect.
The main condition for the effectiveness of compresses is that the temperature under the bandage increases by several degrees. Thanks to this, the medicinal components quickly penetrate deep into the tissues and have a therapeutic effect.
The compresses help the patient with varicose veins. In the processing, sliced tomatoes, fern leaves, potato peelings, chopped young willow sprigs, Kalanchoe, soda with white cabbage leaves and honey are used.
In the treatment of the disease, sliced tomatoes, fern leaves, potato peelings, chopped young willow sprigs, Kalanchoe, soda with white cabbage leaves and honey are used. You can also use a semi-alcoholic compress, which has pronounced stimulating properties.
For the preparation of tinctures for varicose veins, medicinal plants should be used that can improve microcirculation, reduce vascular permeability and restore elasticity of the walls, eliminate edema and inflammation, thin the blood and prevent the formation of clotsblood.
Most often they use horse chestnut tincture for varicose veins. Fruits contain useful glycosides with a pronounced therapeutic effect.
In addition to chestnut, the use of tinctures based on nettle, hops, nutmeg, Kalanchoe, apples, arnica, hops and other components is shown.
With the help of correctly selected herbal preparations, you can activate blood circulation, eliminate stagnation of blood and lymph in the lower extremities, thin the blood, eliminate swelling and pain and normalize metabolic processes. Herbal medicine is not aimed at reducing the clinical manifestations of the disease, but at eliminating the cause of varicose veins. In the therapy of pathology, they use verbena, sweet clover, meadow lumbago, club-shaped float, dried dandelion, medicinal, meadow clover and others. The course of treatment lasts several months.