What is varicose veins on the legs

Among the most unpleasant and common diseases are varicose veins on the legs. This disease can cause great discomfort, damage the circulatory organs and prematurely deprive the legs of their natural beauty.

To be well armed and stay healthy for many years to come, it is important to know everything about varicose veins.

What are varicose veins in the legs

Varicose veins (varicose veins) threaten one in three representatives of the fair sex who have reached the age of 30 to 40 years. Less commonly, the disease occurs in men and adolescents.

The veins of the legs have special valves. With their help, the blood passes only inone direction (up). . . Failure of these valves will result inthe blood has the possibility of going down (in the direction opposite to the normal direction), which prevents its flow.

Over the years, the vessels lose their tone, become more fragile, the venous valves lose their ability to effectively distill blood. As a result, blood circulation throughout the body is disturbed. The appearance of subtle venous streaks and asterisks becomes the first sign of the development of varicose veins.

In addition, the venous expansion of the veins of the legs begins to progress. The veins increase in size, swell, acquire an unhealthy bluish tint. They often become inflamed and burst, causing severe discomfort, pain, and burning. A common place of localization of vascular formations is in the popliteal fossa and adjacent areas.

In addition to the lower limbs, other areas of the body are susceptible to the disease:

  • different parts of the hands;
  • veins of the small pelvis;
  • groin and genitals

Often during VRW women are embarrassed to wear dresses and skirts, are forced to give preference to male dress style.

Interesting fact!The term "varicose veins" comes from Latin. The word varix is translated as "node". The disease is accompanied by the characteristic formation of vascular nodes.

What causes varicose veins: causes

Many know the expression: movement is life. This is the case with venous diseases. What are the causes of varicose veins on the legs? A sedentary lifestyle is the first reason for its appearance. . . . Lack of proper activity negatively affects the condition of blood vessels.Blood circulation deteriorates, blood stagnation occurs, and the first vascular spider web appears.

With constant stress on the legs, the risk of developing the disease also increases. A long standing position exerts an immoderate pressure on the lower limbs, the blood stagnates there.

A sedentary lifestyle is no less harmful- it contributes to the weakening of blood vessels and, consequently, to the manifestation of symptoms of varicose veins. The causes of varicose veins of the lower extremities are individual.

Among the most common are:

  • hereditary predisposition;
  • chronic stress and sedentary work;
  • alcohol abuse, poor diet and excess weight;
  • daily wearing of tight clothes and high-heeled shoes;
  • take hormonal contraceptives;
  • changes in a woman's body during menopause or during the birth of a child.

The reason for the appearance of vascular pathology in men can be heavy physical activity, excessive sports, excessive visits to saunas and baths.


There are many signs of the development of VRV.The first thing that you should pay attention to is the appearance of pain in the legs.This is the first wake-up call. The diagnosis of "varicose veins" is confirmed in the presence of the following manifestations:

  • throbbing pain sensations in the locations of the vessels;
  • burning sensations in the muscles of the legs and frequent nighttime cramps;
  • pain when walking;
  • feeling tired when standing;
  • "Buzzing" in the legs at the end of the day

Traditional healers add psychological reasons to the traditional causes of illness. In their opinion, the internal state of a person largely influences the development or containment of the disease.

Varicose veins on the legs develop imperceptibly.The first lesions most often appear in the posterior region of the knee joint.(in the popliteal fossa) and on adjacent areas of the legs. Vascular networks and edemas are often overlooked. It is these insignificant manifestations that become the first signs of a violation of vascular circulation.

With neglect of treatment, it is possible to develop trophic ulcers, thrombophlebitis, bleeding from varicose veins, muscle deformity and irreversible changes in the skin. The most dangerous consequences are considered to be the risk of developing gangrene or the separation of a blood clot, which naturally leads to death.

It is important to know!The advanced stage of VRV is often not subject to treatment with drugs and folk remedies, therefore it requires mandatory surgery.

How do varicose veins develop?

The disease is rapid in nature, develops and progresses quite rapidly. Varicose veins on the foot become the start of a "full" varicose vein.Venous insufficiency is systemic, its characteristic manifestations are observed in various parts of the body, can coexist with hemorrhoids and other signs of the disease.

The following international classification is called CEAP (Clinical Etiology Anatomy Pathology).

Phlebologists distinguish 6 stages of VRV:

First stagerepresents the initial stage of the development of the disease, during which there is an increase in fatigue, heaviness and swelling of the lower extremities at the end of the day, the development of a weakly expressed vascular network. Sometimes, even at this stage, cramps in the calves are felt.

Spider veins at the initial stage of varicose veins

The capillaries (small vessels) dilate first, then the problem ceases to be cosmetic, and the period itself can last for more than a year.

Second stepcontributes to the appearance of tangible discomfort. The enlarged veins in the legs and vascular networks are visible very clearly, and the sensations of swelling and pain become more and more intense. Venous valves lose their ability to perform their function. The second stage of the development of the disease requires qualified medical care.

Third stepcharacterized by the constant presence of pain, severe swelling and cramps in the lower extremities. The veins of the legs are dilated and the edema does not allow wearing shoes with the same comfort. These symptoms appear as a result of intense physical activity or vice versa, after a long period of limited mobility.

Fourth stepit is diagnosed if the metabolism is disturbed in the skin. With it, the skin becomes covered with brown-brown spots, mainly localized in the ankle area. The area of pigmentation of the skin becomes denser, later trophic ulcers are formed. With the threat of blood clots, the patient is shownimmediate surgery.

Describing the first four steps provides a complete picture of the development of the VPN.

Fifth stepis determined by the presence of keloid scars that appeared after treatment for trophic ulcers. Often the wound reopens in the same place.

Sixth stepimplies exactly that (open ulcer). In this case, urgent operation is required, often a skin graft is performed.


Having information on what varicose veins are and how to treat them, you can confidently resist the insidious enemy. If you contact a medical institution in a timely manner, a qualified specialist will help you solve the problem. The approach to treatment is always individual.

At the initial stage, you can get by with a change in lifestyle, which led to the development of the disease. With pronounced signs of venous insufficiency, complex therapy is required with the appointment of systemic drugs, local agents and physiotherapy.

The use of traditional medicine recipes can also bring many benefits, but requires the mandatory approval of the attending physician.