For many women, the appearance of a venous thread on the legs is above all a cosmetic problem. But, this is a sign of the development of a serious disease, in the absence of treatment for which there is a serious threat to health and life. Therefore, at the manifestation of the slightest signs of varicose veins of the legs in women, it is necessary to immediately begin to treat the disease. It is possible to get rid of the pathology at the initial stage with the help of conservative therapeutic methods, while advanced stages of the disease require mandatory surgical intervention.
What is the danger of varicose veins on the legs in women
Varicose veins of the lower extremities are threatened with many negative consequences. First of all, the volume of blood in the veins increases, which leads to its stagnation. The intensity of arterial blood supply is significantly reduced. As a result, the tissues of the body begin to suffer from a lack of oxygen. Nutrient deficiency can lead to the development of hypoxia and degeneration.
Serious complications of varicose veins on the legs include the development of:
- Phlebitis.The disease is characterized by the development of inflammation of the vascular wall from the inside. It is accompanied by severe pain and discoloration of the skin. Inflammation can affect more than one vein at the same time, causing serious damage to health. If left untreated, thrombophlebitis is very likely to develop.
- Thrombosis.The insidious nature of this form of complication lies in the difficult identification of this pathology. This is due to the appearance of a blood clot mainly in the deep veins of the lower limbs. This pathology leads to dysfunction of the organs of the cardiovascular system, as well as violations of the rheological properties of blood. Blood clots can completely block the lumen of the vessel, which will lead to serious consequences and even death.
- Thrombophlebitis.It can affect both deep and internal veins. Most often, the pathology develops on the lower extremities. Stagnation of blood in the veins leads to the formation of clots and the development of inflammation of the venous walls. The danger of a blood clot breaking away from the walls of blood vessels lies in the possibility of its penetration into the heart, pulmonary artery or even into the brain. The result of such a thrombus wandering in the body is definitely the death of a person.
- Trophic ulcers.Formed as a result of insufficient blood supply to the skin in the area of the affected vein. At the initial stage of development of pathology, the skin simply changes color. But with progression, ulcers form in these areas, which are characterized by a long healing process. In this condition, the superficial veins "grow together" with each other, which increases the risk of bleeding, even with minor damage to the skin.
Long-term progression of varicose veins and the development of an advanced stage of the disease threaten disability and invalidity of the patient.
Most patients do not understand the dangers of varicose veins in the legs. But, the development of such a pathology in the absence of its treatment contributes to the development of irreparable consequences and can even lead the patient to disability. In medical practice, there are cases in which the consequences of the disease ended in death.
Where to start treatment
Venous insufficiency is characterized by slow development and prolonged course. Dysfunction of the blood flow in the saphenous veins can occur over several years. During this time, the vascular tone gradually decreases, which leads to the development of irreversible consequences.
Over time, chronic varicose veins develop, which is accompanied by constant stagnation of blood in the changed veins. This condition leads to the onset of chronic inflammation and swelling of the soft tissues of the legs.
Varicose veins are not only dangerous to health, but also venous thrombosis that appears against its background. It is accompanied by severe pain, the limb turns blue, the affected vein turns into a swollen, dense and reddened cord. Over time, a neglected form of pathology is formed, which poses a dangerous threat to human life.
Therefore, the treatment of varicose veins on the legs should be started with the manifestation of heaviness in the legs, rapid fatigue and swelling of the lower extremities. Paresthesia, burning sensation in muscle tissue, nighttime cramps and restless leg syndrome are also precursors of this condition.
You should not wait for the visual symptoms of varicose veins in women. The manifestation of discomfort in the lower extremities indicates the need to consult a phlebologist.
During the doctor's appointment, a visual examination of the legs will be performed and the condition of the veins will be assessed. Sometimes patient complaints and a thorough examination are enough to make a diagnosis. But, as a more in-depth examination, instrumental diagnostics can be assigned.
- Duplex ultrasound. A unique technique that allows you to see a detailed clinical picture of the condition of the superficial and deep veins in 20 minutes.
- Computer tomographic venography. It is performed by introducing a contrast agent into the venous cavity. Such a diagnosis makes it possible to differentiate the diagnosis from probable thrombosis.
- Magnetic resonance venography (MRV) is a type of magnetic resonance imaging. Allows you to assess the condition of the vessels through which blood returns to the heart.
- Segmental Doppler ultrasound. The easiest diagnostic method to determine the health of the arteries of the lower extremities.
Carrying out a special complex of blood tests will determine the tendency for increased thrombus formation.
Based on the results of the diagnosis, the doctor determines the treatment tactics and, if necessary, prescribes a minimally invasive operation.
The treatment of venous insufficiency begins with the realization that the pathology has affected us. The next step is to see a doctor in a timely manner and undergo a comprehensive examination of the lower extremities.
How to treat varicose veins on the legs
Once a woman is diagnosed with varicose veins on the legs, all medical recommendations should be strictly followed to rule out the disease. Regardless of the stage of its development, the treatment of pathology should be carried out comprehensively.
The main methods of treating varicose veins on the legs include:
- Surgical therapy.It is carried out in exceptional cases, when conservative treatment does not give results, or at an advanced stage of the pathology. There are two types of intervention:
- Classic phlebectomy - removal of the affected vein.
- Miniflebectomy - based on the removal of small nodules in the veins.
- Phlebosclerotic therapy.A minimally traumatic method in which the damaged vein is sealed with the help of certain manipulations. Minimally invasive treatment of varicose veins is carried out by the following types:
- Sclerotherapy. It consists of administering a special adhesive preparation to the affected vessel.
- Laser coagulation. Removal of the vascular network on the legs is carried out by exposing it to laser beams.
- Radiofrequency ablation. The introduction of a disposable catheter stimulates the contraction of the dilated vessels.
- Medical treatmentcarried out by taking drugs of various pharmacological groups for external and internal use. The selection of drugs is carried out taking into account the clinical picture of the disease and the general state of health of the woman.
- Wear compression garments.Recommended after surgical treatment and in the complex therapy of pathology. The appropriate compression class should be selected at different stages of treatment.
As an adjunct therapy, doctors recommend using methods of traditional medicine. Also, an important point in the treatment of varicose veins in women is the normalization of the lifestyle and the maintenance of a healthy diet.
How to treat leg veins with varicose veins to varying degrees
Many people postpone a visit to a phlebologist, because they are afraid of the surgical treatment of varicose veins. But the treatment of varicose veins is carried out using various methods, and it depends on the stage of development of the disease.
- The mildest and fastest treatment is carried out at the initial stage of varicose veins on the legs. The therapeutic complex at this stage includes:
- Systematic execution of remedial gymnastics.
- Passage of a massage course.
- The use of local drugs to relieve the symptoms of the disease.
- Make it possible to take venotonics for disease prevention.
- Perform medical procedures such as sclerotherapy or ozone therapy.
To consolidate the therapeutic effect obtained at the initial stage of the development of varicose veins, patients after treatment are recommended to wear special compression underwear.
- Traditional. Includes taking drugs of systemic and local action. Wearing the medical jersey is also a prerequisite at this stage.
- Operational. The method of surgical intervention is chosen taking into account the clinical picture of the disease and the general state of health of the patient. In case of valve dysfunction, sclerotherapy with the introduction of ferric chloride is performed. It is also possible a laser action on the veins, which leads to their sealing.
- The third stage of the development of the disease is the most difficult and requires mandatory operation on the damaged veins. At this stage of the development of the pathology, the saphenous veins affected by varicose veins are excised. Phlebectomy allows you to perform an operation with minimal damage, but at the same time effectively cure grade 3 varicose veins. Also at this stage, it is mandatory to take medication and wear class 3- medical knitwear. 4 compression.
Venous insufficiency belongs to the category of pathologies that can be treated with a timely visit to a doctor. At the same time, modern medicine has developed painless techniques to remove affected veins. But such treatment of varicose veins will require a longer recovery. Therefore, experts recommend treating the disease at the first stage of its development.